Edgar Allan Poe
Born on January 19th 1809
Died on October 7th 1949
Born in Boston. Low family. Both parents were actors. When he was born, Dad left the family. His sister went insane. His brother died of horrible disease. His mother died when he was 4. (1813). of Tuberculosis.
Adopted to John and Francis Allan. Richmond, Virginia.John Allen – plantation owner, merchant. High Standard. Early Life – gain father’s respect
(Grades Outstanding, Athletics, was popular, good looking)
Bob Stanner – a school mate who idealized Poe
Spends Christmas with Bob because he couldn’t go to Scotland with adopted parents. Bob’s mom said nice things about his mom.
Fell in love with Helen Stanner(Bob’s mom)
When Poe was found in bed with Helen her husband became upset and shot at Poe as he kicked him out of the house.
Kicked out of school and was forced to go to a public school.
As a senior he met a girl, Elmyra Royster.
Went to the University of Virginia for college
Put on probation, then kicked out of school.
Joins the army and at Westpoint he learns discipline
Tries to get thrown out and eventually succeeds
Now his father disowns him. Poe has lost everything by early 20’s
Moved to Baltimore, lived with aunt, Maria Clemm. She lets him live in a room in her attic.
Started developing writing reputation
He wrote alot and was getting published, but was paid very little.
1835 – Got a job as editor of a magazine, The Southern Literary Messenger
Publishes stories by Herman Melville and James Cooper
He was considered a good editor, and writes his own stuff
1836 – Marries his cousin, Virginia Clemm
She was able the make him happy
1837 – Poe was fired, he became to unreliable
Wide contracted Tuberculosis
Depression sets in and he turns tward alcohol
Took his wife’s medication
During this time he wrote “The Raven” it was published in 1845 for $10
1847 – wife died
Wrote hundreds of stories, poems to stay alive
Poe is suicidal
Goes back to Richmond in 1849
Meets Elmyra Downs, Dwight her exhusband, just died
They get engaged again
He said he had to go to New York
Found in Baltimore behind bar in critical condion so they took him to a room above the bar
Died – October 7, 1846 (still influential today)
Enlisted under Edgar Allan Perry
1829 – mom died
1834 – John Allan died
1842 – request government job with President Tyler, intoxicated, 2nd time, sober, tried to solicit magazines
needed order & logic in his life
lost mother, step mother, brother, wife(cousin) to tuberculosis
1845 – The Raven – New York Evening Mirror
nickname – Raven
$14.00 for Raven
1846 – moved to Ferdhan, NY
Hellen Whitman – rejected her too
Elmyra Shelton – engaged again
Poe disappeared for several days
found semi-conscious on Baltimore Street…carried in tavern
rushed in carriage to Washington Hospital
5 am, regained consciousness
last thing he said was “Can I help my poor soul?”